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DAWSON Family History
This interesting surname is of English origins. It has more than fifteen entries in the Dictionary of National Biography, and no less than twenty-two coats of arms, and is a patronymic form of the medieval male given name Daw. This is a nickname form of David, adopted from the Hebrew male given name Dodavehu meaning "beloved of Jehovah". This name was borne by the greatest of the early Kings of Israel, and led to its popularity, first among the Jews, and later among the Christians. In Britain the popularity of the name was increased by the fame of St. David, the patron saint of Wales, and by the fact that it was borne by two kings of Scotland, David 1st 1124 - 1153, and David 11nd 1329 - 1371...
Dawson (Variants: Dauson)
An English relationship name ‘son of Dawe’, derived from the name of an ancestor 'the son of David’ which is also a Scottish relationship name.
More generally, a pet form of Rauf or Raw (i.e. Ralph), of which Daw(e) is a rhyming form. Both Ralph and David common as a personal name.
Also said to be a corruption of the Norman-French D'Ossonc, from the town of Ossone in Normandy.
Early bearers of the surname include: Thomas Daweson, 1326 in Wakefield Court Rolls (WR Yorks); Richard Dauewesone, 1332 in Subsidy Rolls (Warwicks); Ricardo Dawesone, 1379 in Poll Tax (Grimston, Leics); Nicholaus Dauson', 1379 in Poll Tax (Harewood, WR Yorks); Johannes Dauson, 1379 in Poll Tax (Lonsdale, Lancs); John Daweson, 1451 in PROB 11; Dorathy Dawson, 1542 in IGI (Lincoln, Lincs); Raffe Dauson, 1565 in IGI (Kirkham, Lancs); Mathew Dauson, 1574 in IGI (Dewsbury, WR Yorks).
George Dawson, an English convict, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on 22 April 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia.
In 1891, the surname was recorded in England and Wales with 30,336 occurrences and a fewer 2,252 in Scotland.
In 1881, the surname was frequent in North England, especially Lancashire and Yorkshire. Lincolnshire was also a top county of the surname with 1,641 occurrences.
In 1881, Coal Miner, Farmer and Agricultural Labourer were the top 3 reported jobs worked by Dawson. The most common Dawson occupation in the UK was Coal Miner. A less common occupation was Labourer.
Bertrand Edward Dawson (1864-1945), English physician to the British Royal Family.
Glen Dawson (1912-2016), an American California rock climber, mountaineer, antiquarian bookseller, publisher and environmentalist.
Another noted, Charles Eric "Chuck" Dawson (1922 – 1993) was a Canadian-American ecologist, ichthyologist, and taxonomist, who held expertise in gobies, flatfishes, and sand stargazers, and was considered "the ultimate authority" on pipefishes in the family Syngnathidae.
1881, 1891 Census
1881 Census in Lincolnshire
Dictionary of American Family Homes, P Hanks OUP 2003
Homes of Family Names in Great Britain, H.B. Guppy, London 1890
The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland, P.Hanks, Coats, McClure OUP 2016
1860 Lower, Mark A Patronymica Britannica: a dictionary of the family names of the United Kingdom, London: J.R Smith. Public Domain
1857 Arthur, William An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. New York: Sheldon, Blakeman. Public Domain
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